Included in this set of THREE genuine European Neolithic flint artifacts are two partial axes and a hammerstone which was the tool used to make axes such as these. One axe is a flaked axe and the other is a ground axe. Both axes are incomplete, surface plow field discoveries but the hammerstone is complete. These Neolithic artifacts date to an area that was a former Early Neolithic Period settlement site once inhabited by people of the Funnel-Necked Beaker Pottery Culture of Northern Europe. They were found together, are made of flint and date between 6000 and 5400 years ago.
Original ground minerals and sediment still intact in hinge fractures - an indicator ONLY seen in AUTHENTIC specimens. NO REPAIR AND NO RESTORATION. Genuine tools from the Funnel-Necked Beaker Pottery Culture are seldom available for public sale and represent an excellent opportunity to acquire a genuine stone tool artifact from some of the world's first farming peoples!
The earliest food-producing communities of Northern Europe belonged to the Funnel-Necked Beaker Pottery Culture. This culture existed from 6200 to 4800 years ago in the Northern-most European region. The pottery produced by these earliest farmers had a distinctive necked design. The first use of the PLOW, ANIMAL TRACTION and WHEELED TRANSPORT in north-central Europe is attributed to this Neolithic culture. Megalithic chambered tombs were employed and built into long mounds. These mounds made by the Funnel-Necked Beaker peoples still stand today in many parts of north Europe.
Farming in northern and central Europe differed from that of the more temperate southern regions of Europe, the Middle East and north Africa. The harsh winters required crops to be sown in the Spring as opposed to the Fall for the latter. Woodland grazing in the north meant more emphasis on the raising of cattle and pigs compared to the herds of sheep and goats popular in the south.
Neolithic settlements were typically small in population with only about forty to sixty people. The wooden longhouse was the main type of building which housed both people and their livestock. Postholes are all that remain today leaving burials and ritual stone structures as the only remnants of this period. Neolithic burials were either individual or communal. The communal burials were housed in large megalithic structures which were then covered with earth creating a giant mound. Offerings of stone tools, pottery and ornaments were often included in burials.
The Neolithic people of the Funnel-Necked Beaker Pottery Culture represented the first farming and stock-herding society in Northern Europe.