NEANDERTHAL MOUSTERIAN JASPER POINT ON THICK FLAKE
Fontmaure, West Central France
PALEOLITHIC PERIOD (MOUSTERIAN): 80,000 - 40,000 years ago
rare stone tool was fashioned by Neanderthals over 40,000 years ago
out of gem-grade jasper known to occur ONLY from Fontmaure
located in West Central France.
site this specimen was excavated from is only approximately 1 acre in
size and is now closed and protected by the government.
This rare artifact was legally collected with the landowner's permission
decades ago before the area was sealed. Fontmaure is one of
Europe's most famous Neanderthal sites and the fact that this tiny
primitive settlement is off-limits to any collecting, makes this
wonderful stone tool artifact exceedingly rare and desirable! We personally theorize that the
Neanderthals highly valued the spectacular glowing, colored gem jasper
that is uniquely found at Fontmaure. It is possible that material
like this was traded, considered prestigious to own and even fought
over. Because of this, it is easy
to suppose that the jasper was rationed and smaller tools were
fashioned to get as much possible out of each tool core. Large
tools are rare from this site and could have easily been considered a
possession of great
prestige as well as a functional tool.
This tool is
a MOUSTERIAN POINT made of fancy Fontmaure jasper. Mousterian
points are points that are retouched Levallois points. The shape
is asymmetrical yet shows well formed edges. The term 'point'
incorporates various styles and indicates a shape of the flake tool.
There is prehistoric use wear seen on the distal edges and point in the
above photo. This
Mousterian point, made on
such a beautiful and richly colored piece of jasper, could have easily been an item of great
prestige as well as function. Overall, one can see the
finest soil sheen
found only on Paleolithic tools subjected to millennia of burial.
surface-collected specimens that occasionally are offered from this
site, this tool was dug from the actual subterranean level that was once
a Neanderthal occupation layer. What this means is that it was not
weathered and damaged by exposure to the elements or plow.
This entire specimen is in perfect, 'AS MADE' condition. A beautiful, as well as
Neanderthal artifact. Workmanship
and form are superb.
NO RESTORATION, REPAIR OR MODERN DAMAGE.
of the many archaeological sites in France containing Paleolithic
objects, Fontmaure is one of the "Crown Jewels" of the period
of the Neanderthals. This site is very small, spanning only
approximately one acre. It gets its name from the neighboring farm
where it is located, situated in the Vienne region of North
Poitou. Artifacts from Fontmaure have been dated to at least
40,000 years old and are classified as from the Chatelperronian and
Mousterian era, having been fashioned by the Neanderthal people.
One of the unique published finds of Fontmaure is the very beautiful and
unique jasper which is only found here and is primarily red and
yellow. Many of the objects found in Fontmaure are made of this
stone with other objects made of sandstone, flint and light gray quartz. This light
gray quartz originates from a place that is
situated about hundred kilometers from Fontmaure. Another unusual
feature is that, to date, it is one of a few known open-air settlements.
Even more interesting is the fact that along with the stone tools found,
human and animal figures have also been excavated. There are also
stones used in some type of ritual, such as triangular stones, round
discs and stone balls (bolas) that have been discovered in Fontmaure.
objects of the Neanderthals make up some of the oldest art known from
MOUSTERIAN tool tradition gets its name from artifacts discovered at a
primitive rock shelter named Le Moustier located in southwestern
France. Compared to the bulkier tools of the Acheulian produced by
the Levallois technique, Mousterian tools are comprised of smaller
flakes from an exhaustively worked core which are then retouched on the
edges to make a large variety of tools. These tools are not only
smaller than Acheulian specimens, but they are more specialized for
their various tasks. Mousterian tools can be broadly put into four
classes: 1) SAWS (Denticulate Tools) and KNIVES, 2) SCRAPERS
3) BORERS 4) HANDAXES, CHOPPERS and CLEAVERS.
tool-makers were the primitive humans knows as the Neanderthals.
Neanderthals had massive skeletons and teeth, flat foreheads and heavy
brow ridges. Their skulls were larger than a modern man and
contained an average brain capacity of 1500 cc, averaging slightly
larger than humans of today.
MOUSTERIAN POINT WITH USE WEAR ON DISTAL CUTTING EDGES - SITE NOW CLOSED
2.5" in length
INCLUDES DISPLAY BOX
Actual Item - One Only