This is a very rare part of a small collection of cave bear fossils that were collected from a single cave many decades ago in Poland. Vertebrate fossil collecting and export of fossils like these from Poland has been BANNED for many years now. Specimens like this can never be collected or removed from the country today. It is material like this that will appreciate in value due to such scarcity in the years to come. This is a complete molar attached to its jaw bone from a European Cave Bear Ursus spelaeus. The specimen is still embedded in its original cave floor mineralized matrix coated in large areas in pure calcite. The matrix is heavily calcified and surrounds a portion of the large molar. This is the largest molar in the jaw of the Cave Bear. The crown is spectacular, complete and in the finest natural preservation on this large tooth. Other associated bone fragments from the same bear are also seen in the matrix. This is only one of very few matrix specimens that were from this small old collection. Cave Bear fossils that are still attached to their original cave floor matrix are EXTREMELY RARE as most fossils are found in loose mud in the cave floor or easily frangible matrix. This specimen is part of a hard calcite formation that was removed from the fossil layer from the cave floor.
True Cave Bear fossils from the European extinct Ice Age bear Ursus spelaeus have become quite rare in today's market. Fine quality examples of any fossil remains of the cave bear are scarce. The Cave Bear of Europe was a beast both feared and worshipped by Neanderthals and Cro-magnon man as they were forced to co-exist and compete for shelter during the final Ice Age. A classic beast of the Pleistocene, no vertebrate fossil collection showcasing animals of the last Ice Age and even primitive human history should be without some fine grade examples of fossils of this animal.