The lack of ancient Egyptian metal weapons on the market demonstrates their sheer rarity. Even in museum collections, only very seldom will you see any bronze or copper alloy weapons on display as they are among some of the rarest ancient objects of that culture. This is the first and only time we have ever been fortunate enough to secure ANY metal Egyptian weapon to offer our clientele and what a specimen this is! This remarkable primary weapon is a very large ancient Egyptian EPSILON axe made of copper alloy bronze. Axes like these can be seen in hieroglyphics and were dated to the Middle Kingdom. A front-line warrior equipped with a weapon as large as this would have not only made an extremely intimidating appearance, the enormous cutting blade could have easily amputated limbs or even decapitated an unfortunate foe.
This example is not only rare for its type and ancient Egyptian heritage, it is exceptionally large with the finest green malachite encrustation patina. This patina also has a prize feature - clear evidence of the former attachment lines from the wood handle it was once embedded in! The photos show each tang with a distinct mark from where the wood and metal met at each end. The entire axe is complete with perfect preservation, no damage and no alterations of any kind.
The epsilon axe is an ancient and early form of combat axe so named for its resemblance to the Greek letter epsilon (ϵ). This axe design had a large crescent cutting edge with three tang ends that were embedded and attached by pins into a wooden shaft handle. This method of attachment made the blade very strong being supported across the entire cutting edge, against the handle. The large cutting edge was extremely effective against unarmored enemies and could inflict very large slashing cuts. The epsilon axe is seen in Egyptian hieroglyphics with the warrior carrying an axe in one hand and a shield in the other, thus offering a glimpse of how these weapons were employed. Some Assyrian bronze examples are in the collection of the British Museum. As body armor increased in use and strength, the epsilon axes would later prove less effective than the spike-headed armor-piercing axes that later replaced them.
A very similar example of this axe sold in 2015 in a Christies auction with another smaller axe. This example is broader and more robust than the larger of the two in this sale for reference: CHRISTIES LOT 32, ANTIQUITIES SALE 10372, LONDON, APRIL 2015
This artifact has been professionally cleaned and conserved in our lab, being treated with a special sealer developed and formulated by us specifically for ancient metal preservation. The patina shows beautiful traits only found in authentic ancient weapons. It is a patina like this that the finest ancient bronzes are prized for and it is a patina like this that brings a premium in price and value of the specimen. There is no active bronze disease. Bronze disease forms a corrosive powder that will literally eat away an artifact over time and destroy it.
WARNING: There is a STAGGERING number of fake bronze weapons on the market. Many being sold as "authentic" were never meant to deceive and were made as far back as 100 years ago as exact reproductions for museums to sell in their gift shops. Other examples are modern fabrications specifically intended to fool unwitting buyers. As fine quality intact, original specimens become more scarce, the techniques to fake these objects have become highly advanced. We have personally handled numerous well-done fakes with extremely convincing patinas. The degree to which the fakers have been able to replicate patina to disguise their work requires an expert examination by highly experienced individuals. It is common to find very reasonably priced weapons that are made up of part original and part modern components or wholly modern pieces displaying elaborate artificial patinas. All purchases should include a written guarantee of authenticity from the seller, with unconditional and lifetime return policies regarding such guarantee, such as we provide.