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WOOLLY RHINO FOSSILS

Woolly Rhinoceros

"Coelodonta antiquitatis"

PLEISTOCENE:  350,000 - 20,000 years ago

Beginning in the Middle Pleistocene in Asia , the Woolly Rhinoceros, known scientifically as Coelodonta antiquitatis, migrated into Europe and became well-suited to the harsh environment there that existed in our last Ice Age.  The animal's massive body and long, shaggy fur allowed it to withstand the severe cold and barren land as it fed on vegetation of the steppe and tundra of Eurasia.  

The Woolly rhino grew to 11 feet in length and stood 6 feet at its shoulders.  It had a huge pair of horns that grew inline on its snout.  The front horn grew to lengths in excess of 3 feet.  Like modern rhinos, wooly rhinoceros had horns composed of keratin.  Unlike the hollow horns of cows, rhino horns are made of fused hair that are solid throughout.  The fibers are attached to the snout by skin supported by a raised, roughened area on the skull.  An interesting feature of the Woolly rhinoceros' anterior horn is that it was flat from side to side, rather than round like the horn of the modern rhinoceroses. 

Fossils of the Woolly rhinoceros are often found amidst Woolly mammoth remains.  Both Ice Age beasts co-existed in Europe and Asia.  Well-preserved Woolly rhinoceros remains have been found frozen in ice and buried in oil-saturated soils.  At Staruni in what is now the Ukraine, a complete carcass of a female rhinoceros was found buried in the mud. The combination of oil and salt prevented the remains from decomposing allowing the soft tissues to remain virtually intact.  This specimen is currently mounted in the Paleontological Museum in Krakow, Poland.

Woolly rhinoceros are clearly shown in cave paintings made by Neanderthals in southern France around 30,000 years ago.  Hunting these animals would have been extremely dangerous given the beast's violent temperament and size coupled with its weaponry of its two horns.  Like the cave bear, these deadly creatures were revered and were quite a trophy upon a successful hunt.  

Their eventual extinction is believed to have been caused by their inability to cope with the warming climate that marked the close of the last Ice Age.  Today, the family Rhinocerotidae contains only five living species in the wild, two in Africa and three throughout Asia.  All but the  Sumatran rhinoceros are virtually hairless except for the tip of the tail and a fringe on the ears.  The Sumatran rhinoceros is thought to have been stranded on the island of Sumatra during the retreat of the last ice sheet.  This amazing animal was covered with a fairly dense coat of hair and is believed to be the closest living relative of the Woolly rhinoceros.

Woolly rhino remains have been found in northern regions of Asia (Siberia) and Europe.

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CLICK ON THE PICTURES BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT EACH SPECIMEN

LAND MAMMALS - MAIN


CLICK HERE TO SEE SOLD WOOLLY RHINOCEROS FOSSILS

 

EXTREMELY RARE RECORD-SIZE COMPLETE EUROPEAN WOOLLY RHINOCEROS SKULL WITH LOWER JAW - Pleistocene Gravel Deposit - Germany

34" in length x 15.75

$36500     LM12-045     Actual Item - One Only

 

 

WOOLLY RHINO FEMUR IN REMARKABLE PRESERVATION - North Sea, Holland

19" in length x 8.5" wide overall

$1575     LM12-003     Actual Item - One Only

 

ULTRA RARE INTACT HUMERUS BONE FROM AN EXTINCT EUROPEAN RHINOCEROS - Gravel Pit - Norfolk, Great Britain

15.5" in length x 8.7" wide overall

$2495     LM12-018     Actual Item - One Only

 

 

WOOLLY RHINOCEROS PARTIAL HUMERUS BONE EATEN BY GIANT CAVE HYENAS WITH EXTENSIVE BITE MARKS THROUGHOUT - Gravel Quarry - Southeastern Poland

9.25" long x 5.5" across

$695     LMX096     Actual Item - One Only

 

 

RARE FINEST GRADE UN-ERUPTED WOOLLY RHINOCEROS LOWER MOLAR TOOTH - North Sea Bed - Holland

1.9" in length x 1.9" tall

$345     LM12-008     Actual Item - One Only

 

 

RARE FINEST GRADE WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH WITH FULL INTACT ROOT - Gravel Quarry - Southeastern Poland

2.75" long with root, crown is 1.9" across

$595     LM12-061     Actual Item - One Only

 

 

RARE GOLD AND BROWN FINEST GRADE WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH WITH INTACT ROOT - Gravel Quarry - Southeastern Poland

3" long with root, crown is 1.85" across

$465     LM12-059     Actual Item - One Only

 

 

RARE GOLD AND BROWN FINEST GRADE WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH WITH INTACT ROOT - Gravel Quarry - Southeastern Poland

3" long with root, crown is 2" across

$465     LM12-058     Actual Item - One Only

 

 

LARGE SUPREME AND BEAUTIFUL WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH - Gravel Quarry - Eastern Europe

2.75" in length

$295     LM12-060     Actual Item - One Only

 

 

CHOICE QUALITY LARGE COLORFUL WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH WITH FINE ENAMEL AND INTACT ROOTS - Gravel Quarry - Eastern Europe

2.5" in length

$395     LM12-052     Actual Item - One Only

 

CHOICE QUALITY LARGE COLORFUL WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH WITH FINE ENAMEL AND INTACT ROOTS - Gravel Quarry - Eastern Europe

3" in length

$325     LM12-056     Actual Item - One Only

 

 

LARGE CHOICE QUALITY INTACT WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH FROM SUB-ADULT RHINO WITH PARTIALLY FORMED ROOT - Gravel Quarry - Eastern Europe

2.75" in length

$295     LM12-057     Actual Item - One Only

 

LARGE WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH WITH DARK MULTI-COLORED ENAMEL AND ROOTS - Gravel Quarry - Eastern Europe

3" in length

$195     LMX056     Actual Item - One Only

 

COLORFUL WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH WITH GOLD ENAMEL AND INTACT ROOTS - Gravel Quarry - Eastern Europe

2.7" in length

$185     LM12-051     Actual Item - One Only

 

LARGE CHOICE QUALITY INTACT WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH - Gravel Quarry - Eastern Europe

2.5" in length

$225     LM12-046     Actual Item - One Only

Each fossil comes with a certificate of authenticity / information sheet.