CHRISTIAN EMPIRE BYZANTINE IRON ARROWHEAD
Danube River Valley, Balkan
BYZANTINE PERIOD: 6th - 11th CENTURY AD
This iron arrowhead
was made for and used by the Byzantine Christian
Roman armies defending the Empire's northern border along the Danube River
in the present day Balkans. It
was a classic and
important weapon of the Byzantine Christian Period of the Romans as this region was the
northern-most boundary of the Roman Empire for most of its duration and
evolution into Byzantium right up until 1336 AD when the area fell under
Ottoman rule. In
the Balkans, Roman camps and fortresses along the Danube were constantly
being challenged by opposing tribes and armies. The river served
as a natural barrier against attacks from the north. Collected
from a region that was once occupied by the Byzantine Roman military as
they fought against the challengers of the Christian Roman Empire, this arrowhead
was utilized by Roman soldiers in one of the
many violent and frequent battles that took place in defense of
Roman Byzantine Empire weapons of guaranteed provenance are historically important and
fascinating. Rarely are they identified correctly and usually
when sold, are of inferior preservation if iron.
is an example of one of the many styles employed by the Roman Byzantine
military during this period. This specific design would have
likely been used by foot soldiers armed with bows to engage the enemy
prior to hand-to-hand combat. Streamline design means swift
velocity and excellent penetration. Arrowhead is solid and
chemically stabilized. NO
RESTORATION, REPAIR OR MODERN DAMAGE.
The Roman sagittarii
or archers were either formed out of auxiliary units or were
trained members of the Legion. Many Roman units of bowmen were
originally recruited in the Middle East and in the Danubian provinces.
Trajan's column shows these troops using distinctive native clothing and
equipment including conical helmets, chain mail, long tunics and
powerful composite bows fashioned of laminate wood and horn.
A diverse variety of
arrowheads were employed. Heavy tri-lobed projectile points were
designed to penetrate armor with leaf-shaped points effective on
"soft targets". Throughout the Near East arrows were
normally secured to their shafts with a tang rather than a socket as in
western Europe. In the "single use" situation of
warfare, this method was just as effective and required less
construction time and materials. Arrow shafts were usually
constructed out of wood but cane was sometimes employed. Each
archer carried an average of 30-40 arrows in their quiver. In
addition to full sized arrows, Roman archers would also fire small
arrows or darts down a channel called a solinarion. Such
darts have about double the range of a full-sized arrow and are harder
to see. They were used as harassing fire against approaching
formations. While a dart would rarely cause fatal injury, striking
a man or horse in the face or eye would be a serious discouragement and
help to break up a formation. Archers were sometimes employed as
skirmishers or deployed behind lines of heavy infantry to provide
covering fire. The simultaneous storm of thousands of arrows
raining down upon enemy troops must have been a nightmarish site!
The opening battle scene of the film 'Gladiator' reenacts to exactness
the visual horror and deadly effect the Roman archers had against
enemies of the Empire!
Perhaps no other epoch
in history is so unique, extensive and yet, as much forgotten as that of
the Byzantine Roman Empire. From the founding of its new capitol
in Constantinople, 330 AD to its final fall to the Ottoman invaders in
1453, over eleven hundred years of history has virtually been
lost in most minds of the Western world. Ironically, it is this
exact history that has extensively shaped the Western cultures today,
especially those of the Christian faith.
No event in Western
history was probably more pivotal than that of the Christian conversion
of the Roman emperor Constantine I. Up to that time, Christians
were heavily persecuted by many of the previous emperors and the
religion was outlawed. That would all change in 324 AD with a
miraculous military victory and subsequent conversion to Christianity by
Constantine I at the Milvian Bridge. From this point on,
Christianity became the official religion of the Empire. A new
capitol was established in Constantinople (present day Istanbul, Turkey)
and power was fully transferred from Rome to Constantinople in 476 AD.
It was not the end of the Roman Empire but a continuation and
fascinating transformation of Roman rule that would last for another one
In the Byzantine
Period, the Roman Empire and Christianity were completely interwoven.
It was the quintessential example of the UNION of church and state.
What was once the ancient world's greatest enemy of the faith, overnight
became its most devoted advocate. The classic architecture, style
of dress, and overall appearance of all that was "Old Rome"
took on a new and intricate style that the world has never seen before
or since. This was not only attributed to the influence of the
capitol's new geographic location, but also to the foremost prominence
of Christianity in the Roman world.
well-known remnant of the Byzantine Period is the stunning and unique
art of the religious Icons. This abstract spiritual style can be
immediately recognized and is evident in not only paintings and mosaics
but also the era's architecture and coins. What was once thought
of as crude numismatic issues are now appreciated as highly stylized
symbols of the Romans' devout faith.
establishment of Constantinople as the new capitol and navel of the
Roman world, the Empire continued for almost a millennium eventually
bridging ancient and medieval history but not without its share of
enemies. Numerous challenges of foreign armies took its toll on
defenses and finally, on May 29, 1453 AD, the Muslim Ottomans overran
the crumbling city walls and the sun set forever on the greatest empire
that the ancient world had ever known.
GRACEFUL (AND DEADLY) DESIGN FOR EXCELLENT PENETRATION - FROM THE
CHRISTIAN ROMAN EMPIRE!
2.5" in length
INCLUDES DISPLAY BOX
Actual Item - One Only