MUSEUMS CHOICE     DINOSAURS / REPTILES     INVERTEBRATES     TRILOBITES     AMMONITES     AMPHIBIANS     FISH

PRIMITIVE MAN     ANCIENT MAN     MARINE VERTEBRATES     MEGALODON     SHARKS     PLANTS     LAND MAMMALS

HOME     WHAT'S NEW      JOIN OUR MAILING LIST     HOW TO ORDER     INFORMATION     FOSSIL FRAUD     ABOUT US

LARGE CHOICE QUALITY INTACT WOOLLY RHINOCEROS UPPER MOLAR TOOTH

Gravel Quarry - Eastern Europe

LATE PLEISTOCENE PERIOD:  40,000 to 25,000 years ago

This is a choice quality fossil molar tooth from the upper jaw of the giant European Woolly rhinoceros, known scientifically as Coelodonta antiquitatis.  The color of the crown is an incredible golden yellow and ivory with fine veins of blue deep in the enamel.  All cusps are complete and undamaged and a full chewing surface is intact.  Wooly Rhino fossils are far less abundant than other Ice Age beasts such as Woolly Mammoth.  Woolly rhino teeth of this quality and preservation are RARE!!!  This tooth is INTACT and with NO REPAIR AND NO RESTORATION.  A highly recommended fossil from one of Europe's classic beasts of the Ice Age.

This fossil would also make a great compliment to a primitive man stone tool and weapon collection as they lived alongside each other at one point in history and were hunted and revered by both Neanderthal man and Cro-Magnon man. 


Beginning in eastern Asia about 1.8 million years ago, the giant Woolly rhinoceros, known scientifically as Coelodonta antiquitatis, migrated into Europe and became well-suited to the harsh environment there that existed in our last Ice Age.  The animal's massive body and long, shaggy fur allowed it to withstand the severe cold and barren land as it fed on vegetation of the steppe and tundra of Eurasia.  

The Woolly rhino grew to 11 feet in length and stood 6 feet at its shoulders.  It had a huge pair of horns that grew inline on its snout.  The front horn grew to lengths in excess of 3 feet.  Like modern rhinos, Woolly rhinoceros had horns composed of keratin.  Unlike the hollow horns of cows, rhino horns are made of fused hair that are solid throughout.  The fibers are attached to the snout by skin supported by a raised, roughened area on the skull.  An interesting feature of the Woolly rhinoceros' anterior horn is that it was flat from side to side, rather than round like the horn of the modern rhinoceroses. 

Woolly rhino fossils can be found throughout Europe and Asia.  Well-preserved remains have been found frozen in ice and buried in oil-saturated soils.  At Staruni in what is now the Ukraine, a complete carcass of a female rhinoceros was found buried in the mud. The combination of oil and salt prevented the remains from decomposing allowing the soft tissues to remain virtually intact.  This specimen is currently mounted in the Paleontological Museum in Krakow, Poland.

Woolly rhinoceros are clearly shown in cave paintings made by Neanderthals in southern France around 30,000 years ago.  Hunting these animals would have been extremely dangerous given the beast's violent temperament and size coupled with its weaponry of its two horns.  Like the cave bear, these deadly creatures were revered and were quite a trophy upon a successful hunt.  

Their eventual extinction is believed to have been caused by their inability to cope with the warming climate that marked the close of the last Ice Age.  Today, the family Rhinocerotidae contains only five living species in the wild, two in Africa and three throughout Asia.  All but the Sumatran rhinoceros are virtually hairless except for the tip of the tail and a fringe on the ears.  The Sumatran rhinoceros is thought to have been stranded on the island of Sumatra during the retreat of the last ice sheet.  This amazing animal is covered with a fairly dense coat of hair and is believed to be the closest living relative of the Woolly rhinoceros.

WOOLLY RHINO FOSSILS ARE RARER THAN MAMMOTH FOSSILS - FINE QUALITY COMPLETE UPPER CROWN

2.5" in length

$225     LM12-046     Actual Item - One Only

CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE WOOLLY RHINOCEROS FOSSILS FOR SALE

225