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RARE ANCIENT GREEK IRON CAVALRY LANCE FROM THE CENTRAL ASIAN CONQUESTS OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT

Central Asia

327 B.C.

For the first time in our history, we are pleased to offer a very rare ancient Greek weapon from a Central Asian site that was once defeated and ruled by Alexander the Great.  Authentic Ancient Greek weapons are extremely scarce on the commercial market and are far outnumbered by later Roman examples.  This unusually well-preserved specimen was likely wrapped and interred in a burial in leather whereby the tannins of the leather were responsible for the superb iron preservation.  We have seen ancient weapons with this same kind of condition before.  Such an environmental factor was first witnessed by the excavation of a Roman tannery site years ago whereby iron tools were found virtually un-corroded due to the ancient chemicals they lay in from the tannery.  The blade design of this spectacular lance is typical for Greek culture weapons.  The narrow head yet large shaft base is classic for cavalry weapons.  Ancient hammering and forming of a shallow mid-rib on one side is still beautifully preserved and visible as seen above. 

This is the ONLY ancient Greek weapon we have to offer and likely will be one of a very few (or none) we will ever offer in the future.  Its provenance is certain and therefore places not only a culture to this piece, but the context as to why it was there hence our attribution of this weapon to the Central Asian military campaign of Alexander the Great.  The specific site will be provided to the buyer only (to protect the site from looting) of this piece which exactly and accurately assigns the correct provenance of this piece to Alexander the Great.  Unlike other sellers that make up romantic and fascinating names and battles randomly to artifacts that are IMPOSSIBLE to prove or know provenance just to make more sales, we are in definite knowledge of the provenance of this rare and important specimen of ancient historical significance.

This lance head is complete and in a condition beyond what one would expect.  This is a RARE opportunity to acquire such a piece of profound ancient history and military accomplishment.  NO REPAIR AND NO RESTORATION OR FABRICATION.  A fine and impressive cavalry weapon from this famous empire and culture. 

WARNING:  There is a number of fake and misidentified ancient weapons on the market.  As fine quality intact, original specimens become more scarce and techniques have become more sophisticated to fake these weapons.  We inspect, clean and conserve in our lab every specimen we offer for sale.  Our extensive experience with handling thousands of pieces from museum and private collections has afforded us rare and invaluable experience with authentic specimens as well as convincing forgeries.  The degree to which the fakers have been able to replicate patina to disguise their work requires an expert examination by highly experienced individuals.  It is common to find very reasonably priced weapons that are made up of part original and part modern components or wholly modern pieces displaying elaborate artificial patinas.  All purchases should include from the dealer a written guarantee of authenticity with unconditional and lifetime return policies regarding such guarantee. 

Alexander the Great is considered one of the most important individuals of ancient history.  His conquests created an empire, short-lived as it had been, that was one of the largest in all of antiquity.  His cultural influences were felt all the way through the 15th century A.D. up to the fall of the Byzantine Roman Empire.  He is considered to have been undefeated in battle with victories that spanned from the Balkans all the way to the Indian sub-continent.  Even today, military academies study and teach his strategies and tactics in combat.

Alexander was born 356 B.C. in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia.  He was the son of Philip II, king of Macedonia, and of Olympias, a princess of Epirus.  His tutor was Aristotle, who trained him in rhetoric and literature and stimulated his interest in science, medicine and philosophy.  In the summer of 336 B.C., his father was assassinated and Alexander ascended to the Macedonian throne.  At this time, Alexander (and his kingdom) was extremely vulnerable with considerable unrest at home and abroad.  This was all put to rest by a string of events that immediately elevated Alexander III to being known as Alexander the Great.  In 335 B.C., as general of the Greeks, Alexander carried out a successful campaign against the Thracians defeating them swiftly.  On his return he crushed in a single week, the threatening Illyrians and then hastened to Thebes, which had revolted.  He took the city by storm and razed it, sparing only the temples of the gods and the houses of the Greek lyric poet Pindar, and selling the surviving 8000 inhabitants, into slavery.  Alexander's promptness in crushing the revolt of Thebes brought the other Greek states into instant and unconditional submission.

It is said that while visiting Athens to seal a pact, Alexander visited the Oracle at Delphi despite it being a day when prophecy was forbidden.  In his attempts to drag the priestess to the place where she gave her Oracles, she screamed, "My son, you are invincible!"  This event would never be forgotten and had profound influence on Alexander's boldness and self image for the rest of his short life.

Alexander was a great military mind having been the son of a great warrior and tactician.  By the time Alexander had come to rule, he had already taken part in numerous battles with his father.  Alexander's father, Philip II, developed the PHALANX, the most notable and effective weapon of ancient Greece.  The phalanx was a box formation for infantry soldiers from 8 to 36 men deep.  The men in the front carried spears of about four to six meters (12 to 18 feet), that were usually held in an upright position so tight that it created a wall.  This wall of spears helped hide what was going on with the units behind the formation.  When held horizontally, enemies could be killed at a safe range from the formation.  The phalanx was revolutionary for its time and was a very potent weapon.  It was only surpassed when the Romans developed the legion, another infantry formation with different weapons and armor.  Alexander was able to put together a very impressive army and his military accomplishments are legendary.  He was an expert at organizing his units for complex battle maneuvers, hiding the true numbers that make up of his forces, and managing his army during the ever-changing flow of battle.

Near the point of his death he began to believe he was a god and promoted himself as such to his kingdom.   He claimed he descended from Herakles (Hercules) and began minting coins that depicted himself as Herakles.  His mother even told him that a serpent had impregnated her rather then his father (whom she passionately despised shortly after his birth) adding to his thoughts that he was a god.  Before his death, Alexander the Great had some of his cities worship him as a god.  With his accomplishments and influence on the classic ancient world that lasted long after his untimely death at the age of just 33, no mortal truly came closer to being a "god" than Alexander the Great!

EXCEPTIONAL MUSEUM GRADE GREEK IRON CAVALRY LANCE - FROM CENTRAL ASIAN SITE OF FORMER ALEXANDER THE GREAT

8.75" in length

SOLD     GRK001     Actual Item - One Only

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