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SUPERB MUSEUM GRADE TENEREAN AFRICAN NEOLITHIC LARGE STONE KNIFE BLADE WITH PIERCING TIP FROM THE PEOPLE OF THE GREEN SAHARA

Exposed Site - South Central Sahara Desert

TENERIAN AFRICAN NEOLITHIC PERIOD:  4,600 - 2,500 B.C.

The Earth has been warming and cooling for millions of year, well long before humans were on the planet.  One of the most dramatic examples of climatic change in the last 10,000 years is the desiccation of what is now the Sahara desert.  Prior to as recent as 3000 B.C., the South Central Sahara region in Africa was a humid lake savannah.  It was home to a thriving culture of ancient humans known as the Tenerians and before them, the Kiffians.  The occupation of this area by these two peoples occurred continuously from around 7700 B.C. to the drying of the Sahara in 2500 B.C.. 

On a dinosaur fossil-hunting expedition in 2000 by a team of scientific explorers led by Paul Sereno, a paleodune and ancient lakebed site was discovered that yielded over 200 ancient burials of Kiffian and Tenerian people.  The scientific findings showed that this region was once a humid lake region that was home to these hunter-fisher-gatherer people.  The area became known as the "Green Sahara" for its once fertile and habitable landscape.  Noted paleontologist, Dr. Paul Sereno, famous for other Saharan dinosaur discoveries, shot into the archaeological spotlight with his discovery of the ancient lakebed cemetery at Gobero in Niger in the year 2000.  Interred in the many burials were numerous stone tools, ceramics, shells, beads and bone harpoons typical for the lifestyle of these ancient people of the Green Sahara.  This exceptional AUTHENTIC artifact is similar to the specimens found at Gobero.  It comes from the same period of the Tenerian Neolithic Culture and region now made famous by this discovery. 

This is one of a very few select Tenerean Neolithic tools we will be offering from this culture as they are too scarce and no longer able to be found like before.  This is a large KNIFE BLADE with a rare piercing point.  It is in many ways, reminiscent of the gorgeous Pre-Dynastic flint objects of Egypt's Neolithic Era.  Both faces show a flat unifacial surface with bifacial secondary flaking all around the blade edges.  The tip has been worked into a rare, fine point, making this tool double as a large BORER.  There is a knapped bump on one side that would have served as a finger rest (shown in the last photo above) and this is an extremely intelligent concept made in the stone.  The stone type is a stunning golden silicified sandstone.  There is NO MODERN DAMAGE OR MODERN FLAKING anywhere on this piece as evidenced by the slightly smooth, wind-worn flaked surface from long-term desert exposure.  Ex-World Museum of Man collection and before that, from a former private European collection.  If you want the pinnacle of craftsmanship from the Tenerean Neolithic stone tool culture, then THIS is a rare object to have in your collection.  The site where these were once found is completely clean and long since fully collected by modern nomads.  A Neolithic masterpiece in a beautiful form.  UNDAMAGED AND ORIGINAL with NO RESTORATION and NO REPAIR.


In the final Pleistocene and early Holocene Periods around 10,000 years ago, the South Central Sahara Desert was once a highly favorable environment for hunters, gatherers and pastoralists.  Freshwater lakes existed between the dunes in what is now the Tenere region, Lake Chad was eight times its current size, the highlands supported Mediterranean forest trees, and a diverse variety of both large and small fauna flourished there.  The slow drying out process of the Sahara, began 7,000 years ago and ended 4500 years ago resulting in the barren conditions that exist to this day.  As we progress through time from the end of the Pleistocene towards the end of the Neolithic Period there, we see humans relying more on meat from raised animals as opposed to hunted animals that once roamed wild in the formerly Green Sahara.  

A LARGE, PRIZE TOOL OF THIS CULTURE - EX-MUSEUM SPECIMEN WITH FANTASTIC WORKMANSHIP AND COLOR - BEAUTIFUL!

4.65" in length

SOLD     CAP159     INCLUDES DISPLAY BOX     Actual Item - One Only

Comes with a certificate of authenticity / information sheet.

CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE AFRICAN NEOLITHIC ARTIFACTS AND TOOLS FOR SALE

References:

- Sereno PC, Garcea EAA, Jousse H, Stojanowski CM, Saliège J-F, et al. (2008) Lakeside Cemeteries in the Sahara: 5000 Years of Holocene Population and Environmental Change. PLoS ONE 3(8): e2995. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002995

- http://www.projectexploration.org/greensahara/

- http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/09/green-sahara/gwin-text.html

- http://www.worldmuseumofman.org/tenereanartifacts1.htm

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