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CHIP ON EDGE IS ANCIENT EVIDENCED BY THE IDENTICAL PATINA ON THE BREAK AS ON THE BOWL

RARE AFRICAN NEOLITHIC ROUND STONE GRINDING BOWL

Exposed Saharan Site - Algeria, North Africa

NORTHWEST AFRICAN NEOLITHIC PERIOD (CAPSIAN TRADITION):  8,500 - 6,500 years ago

This CAPSIAN TRADITION Neolithic artifact was found on an exposed African Neolithic site in the Sahara Desert in Mali, Northwest Africa.  It was fashioned by ancient man (Homo sapiens sapiens) between 8,500 and 6,500 years ago.

This is a RARE compact stone grinding bowl likely used for crushing pigments for body painting, pottery decoration, art, etc.., or mixing medicines as it is too small to grind grain like the typical larger basins.  It is in excellent preservation except for one nick on the edge but that occurred in ancient times.  This we know because the patina color of the damage is identical to the patina of the rest of the specimen as well as the break is worn from extreme long-term desert exposure.  This highly aesthetic Neolithic stone bowl is made from quartzite and is very heavy in its design with a well-made round profile and deep base.  This is the first round stone bowl grinding basin we have offered.  An intriguing and fascinating compliment to a collection of tools and weapons demonstrating all aspects of this life and culture.  Perfect with NO REPAIR AND NO RESTORATION.  Beware of fakes as many of these types of Saharan artifacts dominate the market now and are made so convincingly real that all but the most trained eye is fooled. 

In the final Pleistocene and early Holocene Periods around 10,000 years ago, the Sahara was believed to be a highly favorable environment for hunters, gatherers and pastoralists.  Freshwater lakes existed between the dunes in what is now the Tenere region, Lake Chad was eight times its current size, the highlands supported Mediterranean forest trees, and a large fauna of animals flourished.  The slow drying out process of the Sahara, began 7,000 years ago and ended 4500 years ago resulting in the barren conditions that exist to this day.  As we progress from the time from the end of the Pleistocene to the end of the Paleolithic Period, we see man relying more on meat from raised animals as opposed to hunted animals.  

At the end of the Pleistocene Period in North Africa, a blade industry developed called the CAPSIAN TRADITION.  The Capsian industry runs simultaneously with the Oranian industry and began around 11,000 years ago (9,000 years ago in the Northwest region).  This later tradition is responsible for the influence of the Oranian industry and eventually succeeds it at the close of Paleolithic Period, ushering in the Neolithic Age of stone tool manufacture in this region of Africa.

Most notable during the era of the Capsian tradition is the proliferation of various blades and bladelets eventually leading to MICROLITHIC technology.  Microliths are tiny flake blade tools and segments of blades that are used as they are or set in composite tools of wood or bone for use as barbs or to make saws.  

The various tools and weapons of the CAPSIAN TRADITION and Neolithic of the Capsian Tradition represent some of the most delicately flaked and beautifully executed smaller stone tools of man.  By this time, the flaking methods utilize small punches for extreme control in the removal of material and shape of the blade being made.  Some points were so perfectly executed that they were not used at all but  served as items of prestige by their owner and are sometimes found in association with burials.  These finest points and blades from this period rival any stone implement ever made by primitive man and were sometimes manufactured out of the most stunning gem-grade material such as fine translucent chalcedony and agate as well as transparent crystalline quartz.  By this late age of lithic tool manufacture, stone implements have undergone man's development by both trial-and-error and cognitive thinking spanning an overall time exceeding one million years.

A SCARCE ARTIFACT FOR COLLECTIONS OF THIS PERIOD - POSSIBLY FOR GRINDING PIGMENT OR MEDICINES

6" diameter

SOLD     CAP117     Actual Item - One Only

CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE ORANIAN / CAPSIAN NEOLITHIC TOOLS FOR SALE

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