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SAHARAN NEOLITHIC (CAPSIAN) STUDY SET OF FOUR FLINT TOOL TYPES

Exposed Saharan Site - Mali, Northwest Africa

NORTHWEST AFRICAN NEOLITHIC PERIOD (CAPSIAN):  8,500 - 6,500 years ago

These CAPSIAN TRADITION flint tools were found on an exposed African Neolithic site in the Sahara Desert in Mali, Northwest Africa.  The patina is indicative of hydration to the flint over thousand of years caused by exposure to water, an ancient stream bed typical of these sites.  They all were struck and fashioned by man (Homo sapiens sapiens) between 8,500 and 6,500 years ago.

For an excellent reference set of the finest intact specimens, here is a set of four tool types from the Capsian African Neolithic Culture.  In it are included a leaf blade, a tanged arrowhead (made into a saw!), a unifacial projectile made on a blade blank and rarest of the group - an awl.  Each example is of the highest quality and complete.  Their smaller size compared to more primitive examples typify this tool tradition and demonstrate the small nature that African Capsian Neolithic tools were made in.  Impressive to display and in 'as found' condition.  NO RESTORATION and NO REPAIR.

In the final Pleistocene and early Holocene Periods around 10,000 years ago, the Sahara was believed to be a highly favorable environment for hunters, gatherers and pastoralists.  Freshwater lakes existed between the dunes in what is now the Tenere region, Lake Chad was eight times its current size, the highlands supported Mediterranean forest trees, and a large fauna of animals flourished.  The slow drying out process of the Sahara, began 7,000 years ago and ended 4500 years ago resulting in the barren conditions that exist to this day.  As we progress from the time from the end of the Pleistocene to the end of the Paleolithic Period, we see man relying more on meat from raised animals as opposed to hunted animals.  

At the end of the Pleistocene Period in North Africa, a blade industry developed called the CAPSIAN TRADITION.  The Capsian industry runs simultaneously with the Oranian industry and began around 11,000 years ago (9,000 years ago in the Northwest region).  The earliest blade industry in North Africa is classified as the ORANIAN or also known as the IBERO-MAURUSIAN TRADITION.  The later CAPSIAN tradition is responsible for the influence of the Oranian industry and eventually succeeds it at the close of Paleolithic Period, ushering in the Neolithic Age of stone tool manufacture in this region of Africa.

The various tools of the CAPSIAN TRADITION represent some of the most delicately flaked and beautifully executed smaller stone tools of man.  By this time, the flaking methods utilize small punches for extreme control in the removal of material and shape of the blade being made.  Some points were so perfectly executed that they were not used at all but  served as items of prestige by their owner and are sometimes found in association with burials.  These finest points and blades from this period rival any stone implement ever made by primitive man and were sometimes manufactured out of the most stunning gem-grade material such as fine translucent chalcedony and agate as well as transparent crystalline quartz.  By this late age of lithic tool manufacture, stone implements have undergone man's development by both trial-and-error and cognitive thinking spanning an overall time exceeding one million years.

TOP-GRADE REFERENCE SET OF FOUR TOOL CATEGORIES USING THE FINEST QUALITY EXAMPLES! 

2" - 1.4" in lengths

SOLD     ORCAP-038     INCLUDES DISPLAY BOX     Actual Item - One Only

CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE ORANIAN / CAPSIAN TOOLS FOR SALE

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