EUROPEAN NEOLITHIC CULTURE HUGE FLINT SIDE / END SCRAPER -
PERIOD: 5150 years ago
This important and
exceptional Neolithic flint stone tool was collected from a settlement site once inhabited by people of the
Culture. It was fashioned thousands of years ago out of flint mined from
a large nearby deposit in Ryckholt that is considered one of the
"crown jewels" of West European Neolithic mining sites with
regards to its importance and extensiveness. These Neolithic people represented the first
farming and stock-herding society in Western Europe.
This is such a massive
flake tool from this culture. It was the largest flake tool we
collected on site during the 2003 year. It is a combination end
and side scraper fashioned on a uncommonly large flake. Both the
end and side cutting edges exhibit secondary flaking to sharpen as well
as use wear. The proximal side features a backed edge allowing a
very comfortable hand position as shown in the last image above.
Beautiful light whitish gray patina is on the flint from sediment
moisture. This specimen is
a very fine and uncommon example and recommended from this stone-age
MODERN DAMAGE, NO REPAIR AND NO RESTORATION.
tools from the Neolithic Culture represent an excellent opportunity to acquire a genuine
stone tool artifact from some of the world's first farming peoples!
the final Ice Age came to a close around 12,000 years ago, the earth
underwent dramatic changes that permanently affected flora and fauna on a
global scale. Warmer temperatures caused massive glaciers that once
covered a fourth of the planet to melt, raising ocean levels. Both
wildlife and humans migrated north to now temperate regions once
inhabitable due to the extreme cold. Wide open plains were
transformed into dense forests by the new-found moisture released by the
about 25,000 years have passed since the last Neanderthal. Modern man
(Homo sapiens sapiens) has been the sole human species in existence since
The effects of the end of the Ice Age also brought about changes in the
behavior of man. No longer was it easy to track and hunt large herds
that once graced the plains. The thick forests that replaced these
regions now proved a difficult and less bountiful arena for taking wild
game which provided so many resources to their daily lives.
Important wild plant food sources also disappeared or were replaced with
different and less desirable types. The "Hunter/Gatherer" was now looking to a new role - one of agriculture and
animal husbandry. In the entire history of human development, this
event was the single, most important change in man's history. It is this
milestone that now allowed humans to feed much larger populations thereby
enabling communities and later, cities to emerge.
(New Stone Age) is identified with the advent of crop cultivation and
domestication of animals. No longer must humans rely on the constant
search for food and can now permanently reside in the same area,
abundantly providing for themselves on farms.
Ceramic pottery first
arrives on the scene, serving as a storage vessel for this newfound
abundance. At this time, man is still relying on stone as the sole
material for tools and weapons. This usage continued until various
time periods in history based on geography and even well into the Copper
and Bronze Ages around 3000 years ago. This was
especially the case
in regions such as Northeastern
Europe where metal was scarce and some of the finest flint was readily
available and mined extensively. The most fascinating example of
this is in the Danish Neolithic weapons of around 4500 years ago.
These daggers and axe heads were meticulously ground and knapped out of stone and were
masterpieces made to exactly resemble copper originals made by nearby
Excavations of farming villages
indicate a once peaceful and prosperous
life. In later times though, scientists have found these villages
evolved into forts surrounded by protective moats. The proliferation
of stone weapons is especially noted in these later period layers. Could the competition for
more fertile lands and pastures brought about by the now fast growing
populations have led to this marked increase in violence?
FLAKE TOOL WE COLLECTED ON SITE FOR YEAR 2003 - EXCEPTIONAL DESIGN AND
3.25" in length
INCLUDES DISPLAY BOX
Actual Item - One Only