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NEANDERTHAL MOUSTERIAN FLINT BACKED SCRAPER

Rock Shelter - Dordogne (Village of Plazac), France

MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC PERIOD (MOUSTERIAN):  80,000 - 40,000 years ago

This stone tool was fashioned by Neanderthals over 40,000 years ago out of flint and discovered in the world famous region of Dordogne, France, considered to be the "Capitol of Prehistory".  The site this specimen was excavated from is now closed and protected by the government.  This rare artifact was legally collected with the landowner's permission decades ago before the area was sealed.  Dordogne is one of the world's most famous Neanderthal regions and the fact that this archeological site is off-limits to any collecting, makes this wonderful stone tool artifact exceedingly rare and desirable!  Fine quality Mousterian Neanderthal tools are rare and often move from one private collection to the next as many sites are now destroyed, built over or protected.  It is probable by simple logistics, that over time, high grade archeological tools will most definitely appreciate as collector demand continues to outpace the finite supply circulating amongst collectors that buy pieces and never resell.  Investment aside, no Paleolithic collection should be without representative tools of one of the most famous primitive humans in history!  

This specimen is classified as a backed scraper.  It displays a used and resharpened cutting edge.  Designed for left hand use and with original flint nodule cortex seen as the white rind on the proximal end.  Lightly encrusted with the original occupation layer deposits.  This rare Neanderthal tool was collected in a rock shelter from a subterranean level that was once a Neanderthal occupation layer.  Famous site find!  NO RESTORATION, NO REPAIR and NO MODERN DAMAGE.  Our fortunate purchase of a very old private collection from the original excavator allows us to offer this artifact at a price WELL BELOW ITS BOOK VALUE.

The MOUSTERIAN tool tradition gets its name from artifacts discovered at a primitive rock shelter named Le Moustier located in southwestern France.  Compared to the bulkier tools of the Acheulian produced by the Levallois technique, Mousterian tools are comprised of smaller flakes from an exhaustively worked core which are then retouched on the edges to make a large variety of tools.  These tools are not only smaller than Acheulian specimens, but they are more specialized for their various tasks.  Mousterian tools can be broadly put into four classes: 1) SAWS (Denticulate Tools) and KNIVES,  2) SCRAPERS  3) BORERS  4) HANDAXES, CHOPPERS and CLEAVERS.

Mousterian tool-makers were the primitive humans knows as the NEANDERTHALS.  Neanderthals had robust skeletons and teeth, flat foreheads and heavy brow ridges.  Their skulls were larger than a modern man and contained an average brain capacity of 1500 cc, averaging slightly larger than humans of today. 

EXCELLENT INTACT SPECIMEN WITH LAYER DEPOSITS - SITE NOW CLOSED AND PROTECTED!

2.1" in length

SOLD     M122     INCLUDES DISPLAY BOX     Actual Item - One Only

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