MAMMOTH TOOTH COMPLETE UPPER MOLAR
- North Sea, Holland
PLEISTOCENE PERIOD: 200,000 - 20,000 years ago
WOOLLY MAMMOTH TEETH are
a popular display fossil of any collection. The famous
Wooly mammoth can be considered the mascot animal of the Earth's final
Ice Age and this massive beast most certainly gained respect to all that
got in its way including both Neanderthals
and modern humans.
With this listing we
present a SUPREME grade COMPLETE upper molar tooth of the great Wooly mammoth, Mammuthus
the last European Ice Age. With most Woolly mammoth teeth from the North Sea being all eaten up
from the salt water and damaged from being pulled up in fishing nets, an
exceptionally well-preserved and fine grade example is practically impossible to come across in the market
from this world source. This woolly mammoth tooth is complete with NO
REPAIR AND NO RESTORATION.
Chewing surface is complete and intact. The Woolly
mammoth this tooth came from died with this tooth in its jaw. This
is not a common "spit" tooth you often see sold for a
fraction of the price of this fine example. Tooth has been stabilized to preserve its extraordinary condition.
Interesting slanted wear pattern, full closed root and large size make
this a remarkable example for display.
A beautiful custom
made stand is included as shown hand-crafted out of hardwood and
This tooth has NOT
been cut, polished or artificially beautified as is often the
case. This fine specimen is natural and 'as collected'.
Truly HIGH quality mammoth
teeth from the North Sea are infinitely
more rare than mammoth teeth from the Siberian tundra (Russia).
Most North Sea mammoth fossils are so badly eaten up and rotted by the
harsh elements of the salt water. They exist on and below the
ocean floor and are often accidentally brought up in fishing nets,
sustaining even further damage and breakage. On the contrary,
mammoth fossils in Russia, like most Pleistocene Russian fossils, are
found in the ground in massive bone beds that extend for considerable
distances. These fossils are blasted out of the tundra with water
cannons and large volumes of specimens are found intact. The nature of their burial
and method in which they are extracted has produced vast quantities of
exceptionally preserved woolly mammoth teeth, bones, tusks, etc. so much
so, that it seems like supply is inexhaustible with each year bringing a
greater flood of these Russian specimens. Compare this to the
rarity of retrieving a SINGLE high quality comparable woolly
mammoth tooth from beneath the North Sea and the differences in scarcity
become apparent. Top grade (only) North Sea fossils will
surely appreciate in value over the years whereas the sheer volume of
fine grade Russian fossils that continue to flood the market will
continue to bring prices DOWN for Russian mammal fossils in the years to
Emerging 55 million
years ago, the group of mammals called Proboscideans are identified by
the presence of tusks and a trunk and include mammoths, mastodons and
elephants. The oldest mammoth remains have placed the beginnings
of the beasts in Africa but eventually, they migrated to Europe and
Asia. Around 1.7 million years ago, the Ancestral mammoth began
reaching North America and later evolved into the Columbian mammoth,
otherwise known as the American mammoth.
mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius) were first recorded in Eurasian
deposits of the second to the last Ice Age, approximately 150,000 years
ago. Woolly mammoths descended from the Steppe mammoths (Mammuthus
trogontherii). Over time, the cheek teeth of Woolly mammoths
evolved into a design of more numerous and tightly arranged enamel
plates with less thickness. The tusks of the Woolly mammoth developed
a more dramatic curvature and their overall body size decreased.
These changes were advantageous in surviving the increasingly cold
conditions of the last Ice Age. Such teeth modifications enabled
the Woolly mammoths to chew tougher tundra vegetation. The
reduction of body size accompanied by the reduction of the ears and
trunk along with the development of a thicker pelt enabled the mammoths
to survive in the harshness of a frozen world.
grown Woolly mammoth stood around 10 - 12 feet high at the shoulder and weighed in at 6 - 8
tons. Despite connotations of the word "mammoth"
indicating immense proportions, the Woolly mammoth is actually not the
largest mammoth that ever lived. The Imperial mammoth
was the largest and the North American Columbian mammoth was even larger
than the Woolly mammoth. The Woolly mammoth was about the same
size as a present day Indian elephant but with a layer of fat and
fur. Preserved carcasses have been found in frozen tundra which
allows us to know what the heavy coat of the Woolly mammoth was
like. Their fur was similar
to that of the musk ox, consisting of long, dark hairs and fine under
wool, with dark-grey skin and an insulating fat layer. It is most
likely that Woolly mammoths molted in
summer like Musk oxen. Another prominent feature of the Woolly
mammoth was a high-domed skull with high-peaked shoulders resulting from
the long spines of the neck vertebrae likely to anchor a large fat
mammoths had smaller ears and a shorter trunk than modern-day elephants.
Many Woolly mammoths have been found with large, elaborately curved
tusks. Both the males and females possessed tusks, but the
females’ tusks were smaller. Tusks began to form at birth and
continued growing throughout life, adding about a 1/4 inch a year in
thickness as they grew. Most of the tusk is comprised of a
material called dentin but in layman's terms, we call it ivory.
The undersides of Woolly mammoth tusks often show wear, suggesting that
they were used in scraping snow and ice off ground cover vegetation
during feeding. Woolly mammoths also use their tusks for
protection against predators, attraction during mating and as a display
of dominance to other Woolly mammoths. The longest tusk ever found
was almost 16 feet and weighs 208 pounds.
teeth of a mammoth are amongst the most bizarre teeth of any animal ever
known. From the side, they resemble an extended accordion and are
made up of a row of vertically oriented attached plates that when worn,
create a washboard-like grinding surface. This
surface was ideally suited to grinding up hard-to-digest foods such as
tough grasses and other thick vegetation. A mammoth has four teeth
in its skull, two uppers (one on each side) and two lowers. Over
the course of the life of the animal, six sets of teeth will grow, a
worn set being pushed forward and out to make room for a new and unworn
set. This characteristic is still true of modern
elephants. A baby mammoth at age
6 will have already had three sets of teeth. By 13 years of age,
the fourth set emerges followed by a fifth set at age 27 years.
The final set of teeth come in around 43 years of age and as it wears
away, the animal eventually starves to death and dies on average between
60 and 80 years of age. Interestingly, the animal's life is
limited by the fact that after the sixth set, no new teeth grow in to
replace the final worn down set and the animal is no longer able to chew
its food. Mammoth teeth can also
tell us the age and species of the creature. Scientists can
approximate age by comparing the length and width of the molars to
corresponding age and tooth size charts from modern elephants. The
species is determined by the number of ridges found in the first four
inches of the flat chewing surface.
the latter years of the last Ice Age, the Woolly mammoth co-existed with
humans such as the Neanderthal and the Cro-Magnon people.
Prehistoric cave paintings in France and Spain have been found with
images of the Woolly mammoth including hunting scenes. Throughout
world regions where Woolly mammoths existed at the same times as humans,
kill sites have been discovered where mammoth carcasses had been
butchered. At these sites, scientists have found both stone
tools and mammoth
bones displaying gashes and cuts, evidence of cutting and scraping
by humans using these stone tools.
It is believed that
the end of the last Ice Age and the warming of the Earth caused the
Woolly mammoths to die out at the end of the Pleistocene Period.
The DNA of an extinct wooly mammoth is 95% identical to an Indian
elephant. With recent discoveries of wooly mammoth remains frozen
in tundra, there are ongoing attempts to clone intact DNA with that of
the modern Indian elephant.
remains have been found in northern regions of North America, Eurasia and
GRADE UPPER JAW EXAMPLE - LARGE SOLID ROOT AND UNUSUAL WEAR PATTERN
STAND Actual Item
- One Only