MAMMOTH COMPLETE VERY LARGE GRADE 10 TUSK
- North Sea, Holland
PLEISTOCENE PERIOD: 200,000 - 20,000 years ago
IVORY BANS ON OWNERSHIP,
IMPORT AND EXPORT DO NOT REGULATE FOSSIL IVORY.
This fossil specimen is not
subject to any bans.
It can be legally
owned and shipped to anyone anywhere.
WOOLLY MAMMOTH TUSKS are
one of the most popular large display fossils of any collection.
Even the casual observer recognizes this type of fossil and the value
and appreciation of a COMPLETE fossil ivory tusk from the great Woolly
Mammoth has garnered international appeal and awe. The famous
Wooly mammoth can be considered the mascot animal of the Earth's final
Ice Age and this massive beast most certainly gained respect to all that
got in its way including both Neanderthals
and modern humans.
With this listing we
present a VERY RARE and COMPLETE full tusk of the great Wooly mammoth, Mammuthus
the last European Ice Age.
A specimen of this quality
from Europe is FAR MORE RARE THAN THE SIBERIAN examples. It is just
shy of 6 feet in length!
Massive thickness throughout. With most Woolly mammoth tusks from the North Sea being all eaten up
from the salt water and damaged from being pulled up in fishing nets, a
fine grade example is almost impossible to come across in the market
from this world source. When they are sold, they are so patched up
and restored that they have almost as much epoxy as ivory! Not so
with this exclusive listing of a truly TOP GRADE investment quality
specimen. The color is most impressive as white examples are VERY
uncommon. The tusk is complete with an intact proximal end that
fit into the alveoli of the skull and the detail on the tusk end shows
this. Restoration is very minimal with only about 1% performed,
mainly to small scattered areas of surface irregularities. The tip
as well as the stunning grain detail you see above is
remarkable specimen will surely appreciate in value over the
years. Unlike other tusks where just the section or tip is being
offered, this is the ENTIRE tusk from tip to end and is COMPLETE.
A beautiful custom
made stand is included as shown hand-crafted out of hardwood and
understatement to consider this an investment class example!
This specimen has been
stabilized to protect from any deterioration or damage. It is safe
and durable to display in any interior environment. Truly it will
make for a "show-stopping" exhibit for any private or public
Emerging 55 million
years ago, the group of mammals called Proboscideans are identified by
the presence of tusks and a trunk and include mammoths, mastodons and
elephants. The oldest mammoth remains have placed the beginnings
of the beasts in Africa but eventually, they migrated to Europe and
Asia. Around 1.7 million years ago, the Ancestral mammoth began
reaching North America and later evolved into the Columbian mammoth,
otherwise known as the American mammoth.
mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius) were first recorded in Eurasian
deposits of the second to the last Ice Age, approximately 150,000 years
ago. Woolly mammoths descended from the Steppe mammoths (Mammuthus
trogontherii). Over time, the cheek teeth of Woolly mammoths
evolved into a design of more numerous and tightly arranged enamel
plates with less thickness. The tusks of the Woolly mammoth developed
a more dramatic curvature and their overall body size decreased.
These changes were advantageous in surviving the increasingly cold
conditions of the last Ice Age. Such teeth modifications enabled
the Woolly mammoths to chew tougher tundra vegetation. The
reduction of body size accompanied by the reduction of the ears and
trunk along with the development of a thicker pelt enabled the mammoths
to survive in the harshness of a frozen world.
grown Woolly mammoth stood around 10 - 12 feet high at the shoulder and weighed in at 6 - 8
tons. Despite connotations of the word "mammoth"
indicating immense proportions, the Woolly mammoth is actually not the
largest mammoth that ever lived. The Imperial mammoth
was the largest and the North American Columbian mammoth was even larger
than the Woolly mammoth. The Woolly mammoth was about the same
size as a present day Indian elephant but with a layer of fat and
fur. Preserved carcasses have been found in frozen tundra which
allows us to know what the heavy coat of the Woolly mammoth was
like. Their fur was similar
to that of the musk ox, consisting of long, dark hairs and fine under
wool, with dark-grey skin and an insulating fat layer. It is most
likely that Woolly mammoths molted in
summer like Musk oxen. Another prominent feature of the Woolly
mammoth was a high-domed skull with high-peaked shoulders resulting from
the long spines of the neck vertebrae likely to anchor a large fat
mammoths had smaller ears and a shorter trunk than modern-day elephants.
Many Woolly mammoths have been found with large, elaborately curved
tusks. Both the males and females possessed tusks, but the
females’ tusks were smaller. Tusks began to form at birth and
continued growing throughout life, adding about a 1/4 inch a year in
thickness as they grew. Most of the tusk is comprised of a
material called dentin but in layman's terms, we call it ivory.
The undersides of Woolly mammoth tusks often show wear, suggesting that
they were used in scraping snow and ice off ground cover vegetation
during feeding. Woolly mammoths also use their tusks for
protection against predators, attraction during mating and as a display
of dominance to other Woolly mammoths. The longest tusk ever found
was almost 16 feet and weighs 208 pounds.
teeth of a mammoth are amongst the most bizarre teeth of any animal ever
known. From the side, they resemble an extended accordion and are
made up of a row of vertically oriented attached plates that when worn,
create a washboard-like grinding surface. This
surface was ideally suited to grinding up hard-to-digest foods such as
tough grasses and other thick vegetation. A mammoth has four teeth
in its skull, two uppers (one on each side) and two lowers. Over
the course of the life of the animal, six sets of teeth will grow, a
worn set being pushed forward and out to make room for a new and unworn
set. This characteristic is still true of modern
elephants. A baby mammoth at age
6 will have already had three sets of teeth. By 13 years of age,
the fourth set emerges followed by a fifth set at age 27 years.
The final set of teeth come in around 43 years of age and as it wears
away, the animal eventually starves to death and dies on average between
60 and 80 years of age. Interestingly, the animal's life is
limited by the fact that after the sixth set, no new teeth grow in to
replace the final worn down set and the animal is no longer able to chew
its food. Mammoth teeth can also
tell us the age and species of the creature. Scientists can
approximate age by comparing the length and width of the molars to
corresponding age and tooth size charts from modern elephants. The
species is determined by the number of ridges found in the first four
inches of the flat chewing surface.
the latter years of the last Ice Age, the Woolly mammoth co-existed with
humans such as the Neanderthal and the Cro-Magnon people.
Prehistoric cave paintings in France and Spain have been found with
images of the Woolly mammoth including hunting scenes. Throughout
world regions where Woolly mammoths existed at the same times as humans,
kill sites have been discovered where mammoth carcasses had been
butchered. At these sites, scientists have found both stone
tools and mammoth
bones displaying gashes and cuts, evidence of cutting and scraping
by humans using these stone tools.
It is believed that
the end of the last Ice Age and the warming of the Earth caused the
Woolly mammoths to die out at the end of the Pleistocene Period.
The DNA of an extinct wooly mammoth is 95% identical to an Indian
elephant. With recent discoveries of wooly mammoth remains frozen
in tundra, there are ongoing attempts to clone intact DNA with that of
the modern Indian elephant.
remains have been found in northern regions of North America, Eurasia and
MONSTROUS SPECIMEN COMPLETE AND IN A STATE OF NATURAL
RARELY SEEN FROM THE NORTH SEA - RARE!
with a 12" circumference
Item - One Only