MAMMOTH COMPLETE LARGE GRADE 10 TUSK WITH DRAMATIC CURVATURE
- North Sea, Holland
PLEISTOCENE PERIOD: 200,000 - 20,000 years ago
IVORY BANS ON OWNERSHIP,
IMPORT AND EXPORT DO NOT REGULATE FOSSIL IVORY.
This fossil specimen is not
subject to any bans.
It can be legally
owned and shipped to anyone anywhere.
WOOLLY MAMMOTH TUSKS are
one of the most popular large display fossils of any collection.
Even the casual observer recognizes this type of fossil and the value
and appreciation of a COMPLETE fossil ivory tusk from the great Woolly
Mammoth has garnered international appeal and awe. The famous
Wooly mammoth can be considered the mascot animal of the Earth's final
Ice Age and this massive beast most certainly gained respect to all that
got in its way including both Neanderthals
and modern humans.
With this listing we
present a VERY RARE and COMPLETE full tusk of the great Wooly mammoth, Mammuthus
the last European Ice Age. It is almost
7 feet in length along the dramatic curvature!
With most Woolly mammoth tusks from the North Sea being all eaten up
from the salt water and damaged from being pulled up in fishing nets, a
fine grade example is almost impossible to come across in the market
from this world source. When they are sold, they are so patched up
and restored that they have almost as much epoxy as ivory! Not so
with this exclusive listing of a truly TOP GRADE investment quality
specimen. The color is most impressive as white examples are VERY
uncommon. The tusk is complete with an intact proximal end that
fit into the alveoli of the skull and the detail on the tusk end shows
this. Restoration is very minimal with only about 3% performed,
mainly to the extreme tip. The stunning grain detail you see above is
remarkable specimen will surely appreciate in value over the
years. Unlike other tusks where just the section or tip is being
offered, this is the ENTIRE tusk from tip to end and is COMPLETE.
A beautiful custom
made stand is included as shown hand-crafted out of hardwood and
understatement to consider this an investment class example!
This specimen has been
stabilized to protect from any deterioration or damage. It is safe
and durable to display in any interior environment. Truly it will
make for a "show-stopping" exhibit for any private or public
Truly HIGH quality mammoth
tusks from the North Sea are infinitely
more rare than mammoth tusks from the Siberian tundra (Russia).
Most North Sea mammoth fossils are so badly eaten up and rotted by the
harsh elements of the salt water. They exist on and below the
ocean floor and are often accidentally brought up in fishing nets,
sustaining even further damage and breakage. On the contrary,
mammoth fossils in Russia, like most Pleistocene Russian fossils, are
found in the ground in massive bone beds that extend for considerable
distances. These fossils are blasted out of the tundra with water
cannons and so many are found that woolly mammoth tusks are a commodity
and sold by the pound at fossil shows! The nature of their burial
and method in which they are extracted has produced vast quantities of
exceptionally preserved woolly mammoth teeth, bones, tusks, etc. so much
so, that it seems like supply is inexhaustible with each year bringing a
greater flood of these Russian specimens. Compare this to the
rarity of retrieving a SINGLE high quality comparable woolly
mammoth tusk from beneath the North Sea and the differences in scarcity
become apparent. Top grade (only) North Sea fossils will
surely appreciate in value over the years whereas the sheer volume of
fine grade Russian fossils that continue to flood the market will
continue to bring prices DOWN for Russian mammal fossils in the years to
Another point that is
vital in the comparison is the nature of the fossil ivory tusk and its
respective weight between the two sources - Russia (Siberian tundra) and
the North Sea. A Russian Woolly mammoth tusk being buried in the
ground versus a North Sea fossil ivory tusk being submerged in an
anaerobic environment beneath the sea bed means that woolly
mammoth tusks from Russian provenances will be HEAVIER than
similar size woolly mammoth tusks from the North Sea. This
is due to better
mineralization of the Russian mammoth tusks and their subsequent
retention of greater density. This means that YOU
CANNOT COMPARE PRICES BY WEIGHT BETWEEN THE TWO SOURCES.
Because of this difference in density and mineralization, you will not
be able to compare "apples to apples" when considering the
purchase of a North Sea specimen against a Russian specimen. The
high-energy saline environment is extremely destructive to fossil
material hence the extraordinary rarity of complete, very high grade
fossil specimens from the North Sea. Top
grade woolly mammoth ivory tusks from the North Sea are true prizes and
Russian tusks of equally high quality are not. When found, North
Sea fossil ivory mammoth tusks possess color and beauty that is widely
varied but always astounding.
55 million years ago, the group of mammals called Proboscideans are
identified by the presence of tusks and a trunk and include mammoths,
mastodons and elephants. The oldest mammoth remains have placed
the beginnings of the beasts in Africa but eventually, they migrated to
Europe and Asia. Around 1.7 million years ago, the Ancestral
mammoth began reaching North America and later evolved into the
Columbian mammoth, otherwise known as the American mammoth.
mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius) were first recorded in Eurasian
deposits of the second to the last Ice Age, approximately 150,000 years
ago. Woolly mammoths descended from the Steppe mammoths (Mammuthus
trogontherii). Over time, the cheek teeth of Woolly mammoths
evolved into a design of more numerous and tightly arranged enamel
plates with less thickness. The tusks of the Woolly mammoth
developed a more dramatic curvature and their overall body size
decreased. These changes were advantageous in surviving the
increasingly cold conditions of the last Ice Age. Such teeth
modifications enabled the Woolly mammoths to chew tougher tundra
vegetation. The reduction of body size accompanied by the
reduction of the ears and trunk along with the development of a thicker
pelt enabled the mammoths to survive in the harshness of a frozen world.
grown Woolly mammoth stood around 10 - 12 feet high at the shoulder and
weighed in at 6 - 8 tons. Despite connotations of the word
"mammoth" indicating immense proportions, the Woolly mammoth
is actually not the largest mammoth that ever lived. The Imperial mammoth
was the largest and the North American Columbian mammoth was even larger
than the Woolly mammoth. The Woolly mammoth was about the same
size as a present day Indian elephant but with a layer of fat and fur.
Preserved carcasses have been found in frozen tundra which allows us to
know what the heavy coat of the Woolly mammoth was like. Their fur
was similar to
that of the musk ox, consisting of long, dark hairs and fine under wool,
with dark-grey skin and an insulating fat layer. It is most likely
that Woolly mammoths molted in summer like
Musk oxen. Another prominent feature of the Woolly mammoth was a
high-domed skull with high-peaked shoulders resulting from the long
spines of the neck vertebrae likely to anchor a large fat deposit.
mammoths had smaller ears and a shorter trunk than modern-day
elephants. Many Woolly mammoths have been found with large,
elaborately curved tusks. Both the males and females possessed
tusks, but the females’ tusks were smaller. Tusks began to form
at birth and continued growing throughout life, adding about a 1/4 inch
a year in thickness as they grew. Most of the tusk is comprised of
a material called dentin but in layman's terms, we call it ivory.
The undersides of Woolly mammoth tusks often show wear, suggesting that
they were used in scraping snow and ice off ground cover vegetation
during feeding. Woolly mammoths also use their tusks for
protection against predators, attraction during mating and as a display
of dominance to other Woolly mammoths. The longest tusk ever found
was almost 16 feet and weighs 208 pounds.
teeth of a mammoth are amongst the most bizarre teeth of any animal ever
known. From the side, they resemble an extended accordion and are
made up of a row of vertically oriented attached plates that when worn,
create a washboard-like grinding surface. This
surface was ideally suited to grinding up hard-to-digest foods such as
tough grasses and other thick vegetation. A mammoth has four
teeth in its skull, two uppers (one on each side) and two lowers.
Over the course of the life of the animal, six sets of teeth will grow,
a worn set being pushed forward and out to make room for a new and
unworn set. This
characteristic is still true of modern elephants. A baby mammoth
at age 6 will have already had three sets of teeth. By 13 years of
age, the fourth set emerges followed by a fifth set at age 27 years.
The final set of teeth come in around 43 years of age and as it wears
away, the animal eventually starves to death and dies on average between
60 and 80 years of age. Interestingly, the animal's life is
limited by the fact that after the sixth set, no new teeth grow in to
replace the final worn down set and the animal is no longer able to chew
its food. Mammoth teeth can also tell us the age and species
of the creature. Scientists can approximate age by comparing the
length and width of the molars to corresponding age and tooth size
charts from modern elephants. The species is determined by the
number of ridges found in the first four inches of the flat chewing
the latter years of the last Ice Age, the Woolly mammoth co-existed with
humans such as the Neanderthal and the Cro-Magnon people.
Prehistoric cave paintings in France and Spain have been found with
images of the Woolly mammoth including hunting scenes. Throughout
world regions where Woolly mammoths existed at the same times as humans,
kill sites have been discovered where mammoth carcasses had been
butchered. At these sites, scientists have found both stone
tools and mammoth
bones displaying gashes and cuts, evidence of cutting and scraping
by humans using these stone tools.
It is believed that
the end of the last Ice Age and the warming of the Earth caused the
Woolly mammoths to die out at the end of the Pleistocene Period.
The DNA of an extinct wooly mammoth is 95% identical to an Indian
elephant. With recent discoveries of wooly mammoth remains frozen
in tundra, there are ongoing attempts to clone intact DNA with that of
the modern Indian elephant.
have been found in northern regions of North America, Eurasia and
BEAUTY OF RARE WHITE HUE - DRAMATIC CURVATURE - GRADE 10 PRESERVATION!
by 3.5" at thickest point
Item - One Only