WHITE QUARTZ CAPSIAN AFRICAN NEOLITHIC
Exposed Saharan Site -
AFRICAN NEOLITHIC PERIOD (CAPSIAN): 8,500 - 6,500 years ago
TRADITION arrowhead was found on an exposed African Neolithic
site in the Sahara Desert in Northwest Africa. It was
masterfully fashioned by African Neolithic humans (Homo sapiens sapiens)
between 8,500 and 6,500 years ago. This projectile point stands
out for its premium features,
condition and type when compared to other more common flint artifacts of
inferior workmanship and preservation that are typically offered on the
is a super rare small dart
arrowhead that has been expertly fashioned out of rock quartz during the
Capsian Period thousands of years ago. This material is very difficult to control in
flaking and represents one of the most challenging material to utilize.
When used though, the cutting edges can be deadly sharp but finding
well-made examples are rare. Even the discovery of any arrowheads
in quartz are rare! This amazingly well-made specimen is intact and superbly
symmetrical showing a very high level of workmanship.
Wonderfully translucent as shown above. This quartz projectile is completely bifacially worked.
Light serration detail is present which some theorize such a feature
indicates intention for this weapon to be used on humans. The quality of work done on such a small scale seen in these
weapons give proof to a very skilled and advanced society long before any
of the Classic ancient cultures of Egypt, Greece and Rome came to
RESTORATION, NO REPAIR and NO MODERN DAMAGE.
is likely that these small arrowheads served as
weapons against other humans. From a slightly earlier time period
(ORANIAN TRADITION) a late Pleistocene graveyard was discovered at Jebel
Sahaba, north of Wadi Halfa in Sudanese Nubia. These burials date
from 14,000 to 12,000 years ago. Many people were buried there
that had fallen victim to violent deaths with the bodies having been
killed by microlithic weapons and small arrowhead projectiles. One
man had 110 artifacts associated with his skeleton which had entered his
body as stone barbs and points of projectiles. Two of the
projectiles were still embedded in his skull.
the final Pleistocene and early Holocene Periods around 10,000 years
ago, the Sahara was believed to be a highly favorable environment for
hunters, gatherers and pastoralists. Freshwater lakes existed
between the dunes in what is now the Tenere region, Lake Chad was eight
times its current size, the highlands supported Mediterranean forest
trees, and a large fauna of animals flourished. The slow drying
out process of the Sahara, began 7,000 years ago and ended 4500 years
ago resulting in the barren conditions that exist to this day. As
we progress from the time from the end of the Pleistocene to the end of
the Paleolithic Period, we see man relying more on meat from raised
animals as opposed to hunted animals.
earliest blade industry in North Africa is classified as the ORANIAN or
also known as the IBERO-MAURUSIAN TRADITION. This tradition begins
in the region around 12,000 years ago and is eventually superceded by
another blade tradition called the CAPSIAN TRADITION. The Capsian
industry runs simultaneously with the Oranian beginning 11,000 years ago
(9,000 years ago in the Northwest region). This later tradition is
responsible for the influence of the Oranian industry and eventually
succeeds it as we near the end of the Paleolithic Period.
notable during the era of these two traditions is the proliferation of
various blades and bladelets ushering in MICROLITHIC technology.
Microliths are tiny flake blade tools and segments of blades that are
used as they are or set in composite tools of wood or bone for use as
barbs or to make saws.
blades and projectile points of the ORANIAN / CAPSIAN TRADITION
represent some of the most delicately flaked and beautifully executed
smaller stone tools of primitive man. By this time, the flaking
methods utilize small punches for extreme control in the removal of
material and shape of the blade being made. Some points were so
perfectly executed that they were not used at all but served as
items of prestige by their owner and are sometimes found in association
with burials. These finest points and blades from this period
rival any stone implement ever made by primitive man and were sometimes
manufactured out of the most stunning gem-grade material such as fine
translucent chalcedony and agate as well as transparent crystalline
quartz. By this late age of lithic tool manufacture, stone
implements have undergone man's development by both trial-and-error and
cognitive thinking spanning an overall time exceeding one million years.
VERY RARE TO SEE THIS
KIND OF WORKMANSHIP IN THIS TOUGH TO WORK WITH MATERIAL!
1" in length
INCLUDES DISPLAY BOX
Actual Item - One Only