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ANCIENT MAN ARTIFACTS

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AUTHENTIC ANCIENT ARTIFACTS, WEAPONS & TOOLS FOR SALE

The greatest milestone in human development that ushered in CIVILIZATION was Man's discovery of crop farming and animal husbandry.  In the presence of an ample food and water supply, large camps eventually evolved into the first cities of the world.  These complex societies flourished in the presence of stable resources.  The luxury of not being preoccupied with food provision gave humans the freedom to pursue great feats of ingenuity and craftsmanship. 

The second most profound human accomplishment was the discovery of metal ore smelting and making objects out of metal instead of stone.  Not only did this usher in a whole new age of technological advancement, it brought a completely new medium to the craftsman to create objects never before dreamed of.  It also allowed Man to craft tools and weapons in size and purpose that were previously impossible with stone or organic resources.  This made everyday life easier when it came to improvements in tools but it also made life much more dangerous with the advent of the use of metal in weaponry.  Axes, maces, swords, daggers, hammers, arrowheads and spearheads were some of the many deadly new discoveries in metal.  The use of metal also allowed very sharp edges to be retained and easily sharpened compared to stone.  With the advent of metal came the advent of WAR.

The first metal used was copper in certain world regions of civilization.  Other regions went right to using bronze but at a later time.  Southeast Europe along with Western and Central Asia were the first regions using copper dating back to the 4th millennium BC.  This early period of transition from using stone implements (NEOLITHIC PERIOD) to using metal is called the CHALCOLITHIC PERIOD (also known as COPPER AGE or ENEOLITHIC PERIOD).  Many ancient societies went from the Neolithic Period to the Bronze Age.  Some went from the Neolithic Period right to the Iron Age, such as in Sub-Saharan Africa.  The predominant metal ages that follow the use of copper are the BRONZE AGE and the IRON AGE.

The majority of ancient societies started their metal use in the BRONZE AGE.  This can be identified with the discovery of smelting copper with tin to make a harder metal that is harder than copper, will hold its edge better and appear more gold in color than copper.  The Bronze Age varies in dating, relative to different geographical regions of the globe.  Universally speaking, the Bronze Age ranges from the 4th millennium BC to the 1st millennium BC.  It is during the Bronze Age that metalworking becomes most advanced.  Ancient craftsmanship in jewelry, weapons, armor and art objects still astound modern artisans today in technique and execution of designs, baffling many on just how such work was accomplished in primitive workshops. 

It is in the Bronze Age that some of the greatest works of antiquity were made by ancient hands.  Unlike iron or organic substances, bronze objects survive well over time and much has been learned of ancient civilization from the study of bronze artifacts.  Ancient civilizations manifest many of their religious and cultural beliefs in bronze.  Many of the most impressive statuary to some of the smallest, personal items were crafted in bronze by ancient artisans.

The final metal age in archaeology is the IRON AGE.  It dates to as early as the 12th century BC in the ancient societies of the Near East, Persia, India and Greece and goes as late as the Middle Ages in North Central Europe.  The discovery of making tools and weapons in iron was an important leap in technology as iron was much harder and stronger than bronze.  Improved furnaces able to reach higher temperatures than before made the use of iron possible as a higher melting point was needed to create the metal and work it.  The majority of early objects were made of wrought iron but later metallurgical developments led to the invention of steel which proved to be the most effective metal known for all tool and weapon manufacture.

When you examine human development in the prehistoric times, you see gradual changes that span not millennia but hundreds of thousands of years.  At the end of the stone age, Man's introduction to farming and metal brought advances so fast that in just a few thousand years, humans went from building thatch huts to mega-cities and architectural wonders that still remain unexplained in their origin today. 

To hold an ancient artifact in your hand is an awe-inspiring experience when one realizes that a person (or many people!) thousands of years ago crafted and used the object in some important part of their life.  If these objects of ancient days could speak, what stories would they tell us of what they saw and the places they had been?! 

WARNING:  There are numerous fake artifacts on the market.  Some, of very high levels of sophistication.  This is especially true in online and conventional auctions and shows where sellers can operate freely, unchecked with no barriers and trusting buyers have very little chance for recourse against the sellers.  Dealing with a reputable, full-time professional company who will provide an unconditional guarantee of authenticity and be in business next year and thereafter to back it up, is a must.  Equally important,  the dealer must be a member in good-standing with professional organizations that police fraudulent practices and can vouch for the reputation of their members.

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AUTHENTIC ANCIENT ARTIFACTS, WEAPONS & TOOLS FOR SALE